A Brief Guide to understanding Bowel Obstruction
Bowel obstruction is a term used to describe a collection of conditions in which the intestines are physically blocked due to some reason, which impairs their normal functions. Intestines are parts of the digestive system. When the bowels are obstruction, the digestion process is primarily hampered, which can cause severe problems, including toxic buildup due to the inability of voiding the wastes from them. Bowel obstruction can be mild or severe. Mild cases of bowel obstruction can be treated even at home, using simple laxatives or herbal formulations such as triphala; but severe cases of bowel obstruction get emergency status in hospitals and need to be treated surgically.
Symptoms of Bowel Obstruction
The following are the commonly observed symptoms of bowel obstruction:-
- When the bowel is obstruction, the following are the common symptoms that are observed:-
- The starting symptom of bowel obstruction is always pain in the abdomen. The pain will correspond to the location where the bowel is obstructed. If the obstruction is of the large intestine (colon), then the pain is generally observed in a spasmodic fashion, which lasts a few minutes each time.
- The abdomen gets distended if the obstruction is to a significant degree. This is obviously visible externally.
- Vomiting can occur, and there might also be fecal vomiting.
- The person will get constipated. The degree of constipation will differ. It will mostly depend on the level at which the obstruction has occurred.
Causes of Bowel Obstruction
Bowel obstruction can be caused due to a host of reasons. One of the main reasons is the inclusion of food that is difficult to digest, which over time stays in the large intestine and gets compacted. This can cause congestion within the lumen of the colon. Over time, this undigested material can cause a buildup of a hard substance known as mucoid plaque in the inner wall of the bowels. When this happens, the functions of the bowels get totally erratic and constipation becomes a common occurrence.
Smoking and alcoholism can complicate these matters, because they make the digestion much more difficult. Another complication occurs when the person has too much vomiting. This can cause dehydration of the person, which leads to the waste material in the bowels becoming tougher to expel.
Treatment for Bowel Obstruction
The most common method for treating bowel obstruction is to undergo a bowel cleansing therapy in a healthcare unit. Here, the person is made to fast for a particular length of time, and then the therapy is initiated. Usually, enema is used which can help to physically eliminate the residual feces through the rectal cavity.
If the compacting is to a mild extent, then herbal supplements like triphala are used to loosen the residual wastes and thus to enable them to move out of the body. Triphala is also potent for curing constipation and to totally cleanse out the bowels internally.
Keeping a healthy diet with a lot of fiber in it will prevent the onset of bowel obstruction. Along with that, the person must invest time in exercise and perform breathing exercises regularly.