Transient Ischaemic Attack
A transient ischaemic attack is also known as 'mini-stroke'. It is caused when the blood supply reduces for some time to a part of the brain. This leads lack of oxygen to the brain. The symptoms of transient Ischaemic Attack are same as a stroke, but these symptoms are temporary and it does not last long. Transient Ischaemic Attack is only for a few minutes and is usually cured within a day. It should be treated as an emergency.
The symptoms will differ from person and also upon the area of the brain, which is affected. However, the main signs and symptoms are:
- Face: Numbness is felt in the face
- Arms: Arms feel numb or weak
- Speech: Speech occurs as blabbering
- A temporary paralysis of a portion of face and tongue
- The patient feels unconscious
If you or some one close to you experience any of the above symptoms, its time to call an ambulance and rush to a near by hospital. In case the symptoms do not subside with a day, then it is a regular stroke and not Transient Ischaemic Attack. Also, if a person experiences the above symptoms, the chances of a full-fledged stoke increases. Hence, rush to a hospital immediately.
Many people ignore these symptoms and do not consult a doctor. The factors upon which the changes of a stroke depend are:
- Age of the patient - A patient of age above 60 years is more likely to get a stroke.
- If the patient’s blood pressure is high,
- It the patient is diabetic
- If there has been a family history of strokes
- Whether the weakness or numbness was found all across the body or on a part of the body will also determine the risk factor of getting a stroke.
It is advisable to seek medical help urgently. Transient Ischaemic Attack is a signal that a stoke may strike soon. If no treatment is taken, then, there are 20% changes of getting a stroke with in a month's time. A stroke is a far serious stage and can result in permanent disability or even death. Transient Ischaemic Attack occurs when a blood clot is dislodged from the heart due to medications and travels to the brain. The attack will depend upon where the dislodged part has settled temporarily in the brain. It could also be due to hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking and alcohol or because of some underlying blood disease.
Treatment for Transient Ischaemic Attack –
- The doctor starts with giving Aspirin in majority of cases.
- The doctor will also check whether the change of a stroke is highly probable.
- If the doctor feels there is high risk, then the doctor will require a MRI scan for further investigation and treatment.
- ECG is taken
Prevention of Stroke after Transient Ischaemic Attack:
- Seek medical help and act as per doctor’s advice.
- Keep away from over work
- Take adequate rest and do not take tension
- Eat and sleep regularly.