Acne / Pimple
We usually think of acne as a teenage problem-as though pimples and blackheads appear just in time for the school ball or festival, and then disappear for the rest of your life. But acne can strike at any age. Doctors estimate that 5 percent of adults will have acne outbreaks at some time during their lives.
Your skin is packed with tiny oil producing glands called sebaceous glands. Periodically these glands produce large amounts of oil, which can block the opening, or ducts, of the glands. When the oil can’t get out, pressure builds. The walls of the ducts begin to swell, forming pimples.
The sebaceous glands are influenced by a hormone that is the reason why acne often appears during the teenage years (from 13 to 19 years). But it can also be caused by hormonal fluctuations later in life-due to the menstrual cycle, for example, or to birth-control pills. People who are taking steroids for medical problems will also sometimes develop acne. Even the regular use of makeup or suntan oil, which can block pores, may cause an eruption.
You can’t always prevent acne, but there are ways to keep those unsightly blemishes at bay.
Here are the few tips:
Keep your skin clean. Since acne is often caused by blocked pores, keeping your skin clean is one of the best ways to help prevent it. Wash your face once or twice a day with soap and warm water. Gentle washing is all that’s required-pores easily unclog with a soft touch. Avoid using too much pressure or washing with harsh, abrasive cleansers, which will make the problem worse by irritating the skin.
Take direct action . For mild acne, over the counter products containing benzoyl peroxide can be very helpful. These topical products cause the skin to peel slightly, releasing trapped oils and bacteria and helping the inflammation heal.
Go easy on the make up . Covering your skin with large amounts of makeup will clog pores, trap oils and make it easier for pimples to form. To keep pores open, it’s best to use makeup sparingly. It’s also a good idea to use water-based make up that are easily remove with gentle washing.
Let nature take its course . Even though pimples will go away on their own, it’s easy to get impatient and give them a squeeze to hurry things along. But squeezing pimples can force the material in them deeper under your skin, which leads to infection, inflammation, and possibly scarring. This is why doctors recommend you leave your skin alone.
Stay on top of stress . There’s little scientific evidence that stress causes acne, yet most people notice that pimples do tend to flare up during stressful periods before a wedding, for example, or when preparing for a job interview. You can’t completely eliminate stress, but there are ways to keep it from leaving its mark on your skin. Greeting regular exercise, meditating, or simple getting out to a movie now and then will help keep your whole body, including your skin, much healthier.
Eat well . Despite what you always hear, chocolate, French fries, and other high fat foods don’t cause acne. But research suggests that foods high in iodine such as fish, may contribute to acne outbreaks. The same is true of salty foods such as potato chips. It isn’t necessary; to revamp your entire diet when you’re tying to control acne. But eating less “junk” may make a difference. It’s also important to eat simple, healthy foods, like whole grain breads, fruits, vegetables, and legumes. Foods that are high in fiber can help regulate hormone levels, which will help keep your complexion clear.