GORAKSI (Adansonia digitata)
Goraksi is not indigenous to India, but suppsed to have been introduced from Africa by Arabian traders.
Goraksi has few synonyms in ancient Ayurvedic texts like goraksacinca, pancaparni and ravanamlika. Raja Nighantu mentions its various properties and medicinal uses. It is one of the most beneficial, but less commonly utilized plants in the treatment of amlapitta (hyperacidity).
Goraksi grows throughout India, especially, in north India, Bihar, Madras and Bombay. It is a huge tree, grows 15-20 metres in height and its trunk has widest diameter than any tree. The base of the trunk is broad at the base and rapidly narrowing upwards. The leaves are deciduous, glabrous, leaflets 2-5 inches in length. The flowers are white in colour with elongated stalk. The fruits are large, 9-12 inches long and 4 inches in diameter, gren and thick skinned. The fruits are oblong, cucumber shaped, covered with greenish-yellow thin fur. The pulp of the fruit is sour. The seeds are shiny and kidney shaped.
The botanical name of goraksi is Adansonia digitata and it belongs to family Malvaceae. Adsonin has been isolated from the bark. The fruit contains various acids. The fruit pulp is acidic and rich in ascorbic acid, pectine, Fe and Ca. The bark shows presence of friedelin, lupeol, bauerenol, sitosterol and scopoletin. From the bark, betulinic acid is isolated. Tetraxerone, acetates of bauerenol and lupeol are isolated from the leaves (Fitoterapia 1986, 57, 445). Isolation and characterization of a new flavone glycoside from roots is done.
Goraksi is sour and sweet in taste, sour in the post digestive effect and has cold potency. It alleviates pitta dosa. The pulp of the fruit is oily, cooling, beneficial to heart and mild laxative in properties. The bark skin is an appetizer, astringent, cooling and decreases the pulse rate. The leaves are oily and astringent. (Raja Nighantu)
The bark skin, fruits and the leaves of goraksi are used for medicinal purpose. Externally, the paste of its leaves is applied on the swelling. Internally, the pulp of fruit is useful to alleviate the burning sensation in fevers. The skin of its fruit, by itself, reduces the fever in 1-2 gm. Dose. The excessive thirst is alleviated effectively with the pulp of fruit. It is also salutary in controlling hyperhidrosis in tuberculosis.
Commonly, the decoction of pulp of its fruit of the fruit squash along with cumin powder and sugar is used to alleviate hyperacidity. This combination effectively controls diarrhea also. The decoction of the fruit-skin is recommended in bronchial asthma, combined with dried figs. Goraksacincavaleha is commonly used to treat diarrhea, dysentery and hyperacidity. The pulp of the fruits of goraksi is an effective medicament for menorrhagia. In diarrhea, the fruit pulp (2gm) and curds (10gm) is an effective combination.
Classical Ayurvedic PreparationsGoraksacincavaleha etc