NADIHINGU (Gardenia gummifera)
Nadihingu has been used to treat the wide range of gastrointestinal ailments, especially due to vitiated vata, through ages. It is one of the herbs mentioned in all ancient scriptures of Ayurveda and has various synonyms like jantuka, hingupatri, venupatri, hingusivatika, vamsa patri, suvirya, panga etc, It is traditionally geven to children of infants, particularly in digestive disorders and dental problems during eruption. Nadihingu was held in high esteem by the ancient sages of India.
The plant grows all over India, in deciduous forests, especially in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Bihar and South India. An unarmed shrub grows 1.5-2 meters tall and has twisted branches, brownish black in color. The leaves, simple, rather sessile, elliptic, oblong, 4-8 cm long and shining. The flowers are yellowish, 4-7 cm in length, solitary and axillary. The leaves resemble to those of guava leaves, On plucking the leaves or incising the bark, yellow gum is secreted on the surface of the bark. The resin is transparent, greenish yellow in color, with a sharp pungent taste and offensive odor. The gum is non-soluble in saliva. It is marketed in the form of tears or cakes.
The botanical name of Nadihingu is Gardenia gummifera and it belongs to family rubiaceae. The plant has been reported to contain resin, steam volatile oil, a coloring matter-gardening etc. The gum yielded gardenin, desmethyl tangeretin and nevadensin. From stem bark oleanonic aldehyde, sitosterol, D-mannitol, erythrodiol and a new compound – 19a – hydroxyerythrodiol isolated and characterized .Gardenin and 5-demithyltangeretine isolated from gum. Two new flavones – 3, 4 – dihydroxywogonin and 3, 4 , 5 – trihydroxywogonin – isolated from gum in addition to isoscutellarein, apigenin, 4- hydroxywogonin and demethoxysudachitin.
Nadihingu is pungent in taste, pungent in the post digestive effect and has hot potency. It alleviates kapha and vata doshas. It possesses light, dry and sharp attributes. It facilitates the vata through intestines and helps to remove the obstruction and constipation. It is useful in flatulence and constipation.
The gum resin of Nadihingu has great medicinal value and is used for medicinal purpose, externally as well as internally. The gum powder mixed with honey is used to massage the gums in teething troubles. It is also an effective painkiller, antiseptic as well as a wound healer, used in the dental aches and infections. The paste of gum has salutary effect on swellings, allocated with pain. In flatulence, the external application of the paste of nadihingu gum, hingu (asafetida) and elua bola – dried extract of kumari (Aloe indica), together and slightly warmed, eliminates vata in facilitates micturition and defecation. This is an effective remedy form infants also. The gum matted in water is applied topically on poles to relieve the throbbing pain and itching.
Internally, Nadihingu is useful in vast range of diseases. This plant is a special remedy for digestive disorders, associated with high vata, viz. flatulent, dyspepsia, anorexia, poles. Worm infestations and ascites. In round worms, it is given along with milk in a dose 50 mg for infants and upto 3 gm for adults. It relieves constipation and flatulence, but in higher doses, causes diarrhea. As it alleviates the kapha dosha, it is a valuable remedy for cough, asthma and hiccup. Vomiting due to indigestion is alleviated with Nadihingu, given along with lemon juice. One gram of the gum is given three times daily, to alleviate fever. Nadihingu, as an adjunct, works well in various skin diseases. It is beneficial in the treatment of obesity, because of its medo pacaka property. In enlargement of spleen due to vitiation of kapha and vata, Nadihingu is benevolent. Also, it works as complementary medicine in cardiac problems. Nadihingu enjoys an important place among medicinal herbs, used for digestive ailments.
Classical Ayurvedic PreparationsNadihingu niryasa (gum).