KAMPILLAKA (Mallotus phitippinensis)
Kampillaka is one of the herbs mentioned in all ancient scriptures of ayurveda. It has various synonyms like ranjana – colouring agent, recanaka – purgative, raktacurnaka – red powder, karkasa – rough etc. Maharsi Caraka has categorized it as bhedaniya – accumulation breaking herb and recana – purgative. Susruta has mentioned its use in treating tumors. Bhavaprakasa has cited it to be useful in bleeding, diabetes and urinary stones. Dhanvantari Nighantu has praised it as a valuable remedy for flatulence, worms, constipation, ascites due to kapha and cough etc.
Kampillaka grows throughout India, in evergreen and deciduous forests up to 1500 meters. A tree of 8-10 metes, with a trunk 1 meter round, with a pale bark and slender branches. The leaves are articulated, alternate, rusty-tomentose, blade 4-10 cm long, ovate or rhombic ovate. The flowers dioecious, female flowers in lax spike – like terminal and axillary recemes and male flowers 3 together in the axils of small bracts. The fruit-capsule trigonous-globular, covered with a bright crimson layer of minute, readily detached reddish granules. The seeds one in each cell, short, flat in front, round on back.
The botanical name of kampillaka is Mallotus philippinensis and it belongs to family euphorbiaceae. Rottlerin, isoallorottlerin and red compounds isolated from leaves. Betulin – 3 – acetate, lupeol, lupeol acetate, sitosterol and bergenin isolated from heartwood. Acetyleuritolic acid, amyrin, sitosterol and bergenin isolated from heartwood. Acetyleuritolic acid, amyrin, sitosterol and bergenin isolated from bark. Five new flavonoids – mallotus A, mallotus B, 3 – prenylrubranine, 2, 4 digydroxy – 6 – methoxy – 3 – prenyl chalcone (I) and 5, 7 –dihydroxy – 6 – methyl – 8 – prenylflavone (II) – isolated and their structure determined.
Kampillaka is pungent in taste pungent in the post digestive effect and has hot potency. It alleviates kapha and vata doshas, but aggravates pitta. It has a special potency as a purgative. It possesses light dry and sharp (tiksna) attributes. It has main properties like vermicidal, purgative, wound healer and is useful in diseases viz. constipation, worm infestations, wounds, tumors, ascites, glandular swelling and flatulence.
The glandular hairs of the fruit have great medicinal value and are used for medicinal purpose. Kampillaka is useful both, internally as well as externally. The powder of its hairs of the fruit mixed with coconut oil is used in dressing the wounds and burns. The oil of kampillaka cleanses the chronic infected wounds. As it cleanses the wounds and hastens the healing, it is salutary in various skin conditions like scabies, ringworm, herpes and other parasitic skin affections.
Internally, kampillaka is one of the best vermicidal drugs. Used along with laxatives, it expels the worms. The clinical studies were carried out for its anthelmintic activity in 52 children infested with hookworm. The kampillaka powder was given in a single dose for 2 days; there was a satisfactory conversion of stools from positive to negative in 96% patients. Another group of patients received the combination of kampillaka, vidanga (Embelia ribes) and palasa (Butea frondosa), given in single dose for 4 days, was found to be effective in 89% children. The haematological investigations showed a significant fall in the cosinophil count. The only side effects observed were mild nausea, occasional vomiting and loose motions in children. Being a purgative in action, it is salutary in the treatment of ascites and tumors. The litholytic property of kampillaka is benevolent for treating urinary calculi. By its special potency, it works as a contraceptive also. Kampillaka is an effective blood purifier, hence used in blood disorders with great benefit. It can be of use in poisonous affections. It works well as an aphrodisiac in male sexual debility. In dermatoses, especially of oozing type, kampillaka is a valuable remedy.
Classical Ayurvedic Preparations
- Krmighatini vati
- Kampillaka curna
- Kampillaka taila etc.