The Sanskrit word mundi literally means that which cuts off or wards off. In ancient scriptures it is mentioned to be one of the best herbs, used as medhya rasayana – intellect promoting herb. It has various synonyms in Samhitas like sravani, tapodhana, pavani, bhiksu, tikta, sravana sirsaka etc. Another bigger variety of this plant is called as vahamundi, which has few synonyms like lobhaniya and chhinna granthinika. Mundi is a very potent rejuvenative useful in vata diseases. Along with, being a nervine in property is used in mental debility, epilepsy, migraine etc, with great benefit.
The spreading aromatic herb grows throughout India upto 2000 meters altitude. The plant grows 0.33-1 meter in height. The stem is glandular and hairy. The leaves tomentose, serrate, 2-5 cm long and the flowers purple or pink, globose, with 12-18 cm long stalk.
The botanical name of mundi is Sphaeranthus indicus and that of mahamundi is Sphaeranthus Africans. It belongs to family Asteraceae. Methyl chavicol, ionone d-cadinene, p-methoxycinnamaldehyde as major constituents, and terpinene, citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, ionene, sphaerene, indicusene and sphaeranthol as minor constituents of essential oil from oil sitosterol, triacontanol, phenylurethan, pentacosane isolated.
A new eudesmenolide isolated from flowers and its structure determined. An anathematic agent, a new sesquiterpene acid. Eudesmol and ilicic acid also isolated.
Mundi is pungent, bitter and sweet in taste, pungent in the post digestive effect and has hot potency. It alleviates kapha and vata doshas. It possesses light and dry attributes. It is a nervine, diuretic, vermicide and a blood purifier. It is used in various diseases like skin affections, filariasis, epilepsy, anemia, obesity, diseases of the anal and canal and vagina etc.
The whole plant and flowers have great medicinal value and are used for medicinal purpose. The plant is used both, internally as well as externally. The application of the paste of its whole plant externally is beneficial in conditions associated with edema and pain, like arthritis, filariasis, gout and cervical adenopathy. Internally mundi is useful in vast range of diseases. The leaves juice mixed with black pepper powder, is an effective remedy for migraine. Mundi is a keen stimulant for digestive system. It works well as an appetizer, digestant, laxative vermicide and liver stimulant, hence, beneficial in anorexia, dyspepsia, constipation, worm infestations, piles, splenomegaly and hepatitis. It is also used internally in gout; it relieves the blocked phlegm in bronchial asthma, cough and eases the problem. It is a drug of choice for vata diseases. Mundi is extremely useful in epilepsy, mental debility and as a nervine tonic. The medicated oil of its roots is salutary as an aphrodisiac. The fresh juice of roots is given along with equal amount of buttermilk in treating tumours. Mundi is also useful in fever, diabetes, urinary ailments and dermatoses. It is a blood purifier and stimulant to the heart, hence used in cardiac debility, associated with edema.
Classical Ayurvedic Preparations
Mundi pancanga svarasa
Mundi kvatha etc.