Role of vitamins for gastric bypass patients
Gastric bypass is one of the common bariatric surgeries that alter the body’s ability to gain vitamins and other nutrients. In this surgery, the small intestine is connected to the small upper pouch and larger lower pouch of the stomach and the food is allowed to pass directly from stomach to intestine by absorbing less calories and nutrients. Gastric bypass creates a risk of deficiency of certain vitamins in the patients. So it becomes mandatory for the effected patients to avoid the health risks that occur due to deficiency of vitamins.
Basically, the results after gastric bypass operation are weight loss and reduced co-morbidities. This surgery is done to treat diabetes, sleep apnea and hypertension. After the surgery, some complications such as Anastomotic leakage, stricture, ulcer and nutritional deficiencies may also occur, so to avoid the complications vitamins are necessary. Vitamins contribute to the health of gastric bypass patients and help in absorbing other nutrients. Vitamins help to release energy from digested food and regulate the metabolism process.
For gastric bypass patients, multi-vitamins are necessary. Inadequate conversion of carotene to vitamin A leads to various problems like celiac disease, pancreatic disease, cystic fibrosis and gastric bypass. Its deficiency is common in storage and transport activities. The patients need to take vitamin B-12, calcium and iron supplements. Vitamin B12 helps in the absorption process. Vitamin B1 is very important for women who have undergone gastric bypass surgery and its deficiency can cause weakness, vomiting and dizziness also. A lack of vitamin B1 or thiamine leads to nervous system problems (dry beriberi), cardiovascular problems (wet beriberi) and neurological disorders.
Thiamine deficiency is also associated with cancer, AIDS, kidney problems and other infections, so the patients who have undergone this surgery must have adequate amount of vitamin B1.
Vitamin C is appropriate for gastric bypass patients and reduces the chances of infection. It helps to enhance calcium and iron in the body and maintain the bone formation processes. Vitamin D is essential and helps the body to absorb adequate calcium. If gastric bypass patients are deficient in vitamin D then a major decrease in bone density may occur. Vitamin E helps to maintain the brain health and menopausal problems. Vitamin E prevents dementia and offers cardiovascular protection to gastric bypass patients. Multivitamins help the body to absorb enough nutrients and in proper formation of blood cells.
Vitamin K is known for its blood clotting property and is essential for healthy bones and therefore, prevents osteoporosis and osteopenia. Vitamins are also necessary after the bariatric surgeries. There are high quality vitamin supplements to meet the need of gastric bypass patients. Vitamins act as antioxidant and protect the gastric bypass patients from oxidation damage. Vitamins are generally found in various milk products, fruits, vegetables, seafood, eggs and oils. Vitamins are needed to treat the problems caused by the reduction of stomach and intestine. So it’s important for gastric bypass patients to have multi-vitamins to live the rest of their life as the gastric bypass vitamins provide a nutritional support to look healthy.